Worried woman sitting while therapist looking at her PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease)

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What Is Polycystic Ovarian Disease(PCOD)

PCOD is a condition in which a woman’s level of the sex hormone estrogens and progesterone are out of balance. This leads to the growth of ovarian cysts (Benign masses on the ovaries)

PCOD can cause problems with a woman’s menstruation cycle infertility, cardiac functions and appearance.

According to U.S. department of health and human services, between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 women of childbearing age suffer from PCOD.

What causes PCOD

While the exact causes of PCOD is unknown. Doctors believe that hormonal imbalance and genetics play a role, women are more likely to develop PCOD. If their mother or sisters also has the conditions.

Overproduction of the hormone androgen may be another contributing factor. Androgen is a male sex hormone. That woman’s body also produce. Woman with PCOD often produce higher than normal levels of androgen. This can affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation, excess insulin (A hormone that helps converts sugar and starch into energy) may cause high androgen levels.

Symptoms of PCOD

Symptoms of PCOD typically start soon after a woman begins to menstruate. The type and severity varies from person to person. The most common characteristics of PCOD is irregular menstrual cycle.

Because PCOD is marked by a decrease in female sex hormone. This condition may cause woman to develop certain make characteristics such as :-

* Excess hair on the face, chest , stomach, thumbs or toes.
* Decrease breast size
* Deeper voice
* Thin hair
* Acne
* Weight gain
* Infertility
* Depression
While not symptoms of the disease many women with PCOD have other concurrent health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol. These are linked to the weight gain typical in PCOD patient.

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How to diagnose PCOD

There is no definite test for PCOD . To make a diagnosis your doctor will prefer a physical and pelvic examination to look for signs of PCOD , Such as swollen ovaries or a swollen clitoris .

Blood test for hormonal measurement.

Ultrasonography test of lower abdomen.

Potential Complications of PCOD

Women with PCOD have a higher risk of developing…
* Hypertension
* High cholesterol
* Sleep apnoea
* Endometrial cancer
* Heart attack
* Diabetes
* Breast cancer

If affected become pregnant, doctor may refer person to a doctor who specialize in high risk pregnancies. Women with PCOD have a high rate of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, and premature delivery; they may need extra monitoring during pregnancy.

These earlier your PCOD is diagnosed and treated, the lower your risk of developing these complications,

Talk with your doctor about what PCOD means for your overall health and how you can prevent serious complications.

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